latimes.com

Religious freedom under increasing threat worldwide, study says

Government restrictions on religion and hostility involving it were highest in the Middle East and North Africa, most notably in Egypt

Religion

More countries around the world are clamping down on religious freedom and harassment and intimidation of religious groups has surged, according to a new study released Thursday by the Pew Research Center.

The report tracked changes in religious tolerance through the middle of 2010. Though the findings are based on research done long before the recent eruption of widespread protests over insults to Islam, they shed new light on rising tension over faith

 

USCIRF Annual Report 2012 - Countries of Particular Concern: Egypt

FINDINGS: Over the past year, the Egyptian transitional government continued to engage in and tolerate systematic, ongoing, and egregious violations of freedom of thought, conscience and religion or belief. Serious problems of discrimination, intolerance, and other human rights violations against members of religious minorities, as well as disfavored Muslims, remain widespread in Egypt. Violence targeting Coptic Orthodox Christians increased significantly during the reporting period. The transitional government has failed to protect religious minorities from violent attacks at a time when minority communities have been increasingly vulnerable. This high level of violence and the failure to convict those responsible continued to foster a climate of impunity, making further violence more likely. During the reporting period, military and security forces used excessive force and live ammunition targeting Coptic Christian demonstrators and places of worship resulting in dozens of deaths and hundreds of injuries. The government also continued to prosecute, convict, and impose prison terms on Egyptian citizens charged with blasphemy. Implementation of previous court rulings related to granting official identity documents to Baha'is and changing religious affiliation on identity documents for converts to Christianity has seen some progress but continues to lag, particularly for Baha'is. In addition, the government has not responded adequately to combat widespread and virulent anti-Semitism in the government-controlled media.

 
بيان إتحاد المنظمات القبطية بأوروبا
بشأن سقوط شرعية رئيس الجمهورية
 
نعلن نحن إتحاد المنظمات القبطية بأوروبا عن عودة الفراغ السياسي بعد سقوط شرعية السيد محمد مرسي العياط عقب صدور قراره بعودة مجلس الشعب المنحل لممارسة اختصاصاته رغم حكم المحكمة الدستورية العليا الذي نص بأن (هذا المجلس معدوماً منذ إنتخابه بما يترتب عليه زوال وجوده بقوة القانون دون حاجة إلى إتخاذ إجراء آخر كأثر للحكم.).
فإننا إتحاد المنظمات القبطية بأوروبا نتضامن مع جميع قضاة مصر الشرفاء في المحكمة الإدارية العليا والقضاء الإداري والجمعية العمومية للمحكمة الدستورية العليا وندعوهم إلى الإمتناع عن الدخول إلى الجلسات حتى يسحب السيد مرسي العياط قراره رقم 11 لعام 2012 بإعادة مجلس الشعب المنحل ضارباً بأحكام القضاء وسيادة القانون عرض الحائط، كما أننا ندعو كافة شرفاء مصر داخلها وخارجها إلى الإنضمام لفضح التعدي السافر على حكم أعلى جهة قضائية في مصر وهو ما يمثل عدواناً لم يسبق له مثيل في التعدي الصارخ على أحكام القضاء.

Crimes in Al-Amiriya: Collective Punishment of Copts

and Official Sanction for Sectarian Attacks

Sunday 12 February 2012

The Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights today issued the findings of its investigation into the sectarian attacks on Copts in the village of Sharbat, located in the Amiriya district of the governorate of Alexandria, in late January. In the aftermath of the attacks, a customary agreement was concluded that entailed the expulsion of eight Christian families from the village, under the aegis of executive and security officials in the governorate, as well as members of parliament.

The EIPR harshly condemned the failure of police and army forces to protect Christian residents’ homes and property, which was looted and torched following rumors that a Christian youth was circulating sexually explicit photos of himself and a Muslim woman from the village. The attacks took place after the young man turned himself in to the police and the prosecution detained him pending an investigation. The EIPR notes that the law does not permit customary reconciliation in cases of arson, and in sponsoring the customary agreement, governorate officials flagrantly violated the law, which necessitates a criminal investigation.

Amnesty International report

 

جرائم العامرية: عقاب جماعي للأقباط ورعاية رسمية للاعتداءات الطائفية

الأحد 12 فبراير 2012

أصدرت المبادرة المصرية للحقوق الشخصية اليوم نتائج تحقيقها في الاعتداءات الطائفية التي تعرض لها الأقباط بقرية شربات التابعة لمركز العامرية لمحافظة الإسكندرية في نهاية شهر يناير الماضي، والتي نتج عنها اتفاق عرفي معيب قضى بالتهجير القسري لثماني أسر مسيحية برعاية المسئولين التنفيذيين والأمنيين بالمحافظة ونواب برلمانيين.

وأدانت المبادرة المصرية بأشد العبارات فشل قوات الشرطة والجيش في حماية منازل وممتلكات أقباط القرية التي تعرضت للحرق والنهب الجماعي على خلفية شائعة بقيام شاب مسيحي بتداول صور تجمعه مع سيدة مسلمة من أهل القرية نفسها، وذلك رغم قيام الشاب بتسليم نفسه للشرطة وقرار النيابة حبسه على ذمة التحقيقات. وشددت المبادرة المصرية على أن جريمة الحرق العمد لا يجيز القانون التصالح فيها، وأن مسئولي المحافظة الذين رعوا الاتفاق العرفي ارتكبوا بذلك مخالفة صريحة للقانون تستوجب التحقيق الجنائي.

   

تقرير مؤسسة حرية الفكر والتعبير

يعتبر تحريض الأعلام فى ماسبيرو و محمد محمود 

"جريمة جنائية تستوجب العقاب وقصور مھني ارتقى الى حد التحریض

حیث تم استغلال ذلك بشكل منظم ومتعمد و بتوظیف سیاسي مركزي

لأن تتم صیاغة الأحداث بشكل أثاري وتحریضي ومضلل

لخدمة أھداف وتوجھات النظام السیاسي القائم"

لماذا التستر....أين العقاب؟؟؟

 

maspero criminal

 أضغط هنا لتفتح التقرير

  

From Arab Spring to Coptic Winter: Sectarian Violence and the Struggle for Democratic Transition in Egypt

Testimony

Michael H. Posner
Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor

Helsinki Commission Hearing

Washington, DC

 

 

Thank you, Mr. Chairman, for conducting this important hearing on the situation faced by Coptic Christian community in Egypt, and for inviting me to testify.

 

As you know, this is a time of substantial transition in Egypt as Egyptians strive to move their country towards democracy. This is not an easy process and it will not happen overnight. Egypt is only starting on a path from the temporary stewardship of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF), through parliamentary elections that will begin in two weeks, then the process of drafting of a new constitution and finally presidential elections. As they move toward these milestones, millions of Egyptians hope to see the emergence of a democratic civilian government that respects the universal rights of all of its citizens.

 

تقرير المجلس عن احداث ماسبيرو

الأربعاء, 02 نوفمبر 2011 21:50

مقدمة

تعد أحداث ماسبيرو يوم الأحد الموافق التاسع من أكتوبر 2011، والتي فقدت فيها مصر 28 شهيدا منهم 26 من المواطنين المسيحيين و 1 من العسكريين، و1 من المواطنين المسلمين ، بالإضافة لأكثر من 321 مصاب من المدنيين والعسكريين، وفقا لبيانات وزارة الصحة والسكان، تعد نقطة تحول فارقة هددت أحد أهم مقومات المجتمع المصري وأسباب تفرده. وكان للمخزون الحضاري للشعب المصري والذي رفضت جموعه محاولات التحريض والاستعداء ضد المواطنين المسيحيين، دورا حاسما في حماية الوطن ووحدة شعبه من كارثة قومية محققة. فقد شهد هذا اليوم عددا من الانتهاكات الجسيمة لحقوق الإنسان تشكل جرائم ارتكبت في حق المتظاهرين السلميين، شملت جرائم قتل عمد، وقتل عشوائي، والاعتداءات البدنية وما تخلف عنها من إصابات جسيمة أسفر بعضها عن إعاقة تامة أو جزئية وإصابات أخرى متفرقة.

كما وقعت جرائم إتلاف لمركبات ومهمات عسكرية وممتلكات عامة وخاصة.

ويوجز هذا التقرير نتائج لجنة تقصي الحقائق التي شكلها المجلس القومي لحقوق الإنسان من بين أعضائه، بموجب قرار صدر فى جلسته الطارئة بتاريخ 10 أكتوبر 2011، برئاسة الأستاذة "منى ذو الفقار" وعضوية السيدات والسادة د."أسامة الغزالي حرب"، ود. "اسكندر غطاس" ،و"إنعام محمد على" ، و "جورج اسحق" ، و"حافظ أبو سعدة"، ود."درية شرف الدين"، ود. "سمير مرقس"، "عمرو الشوبكى"، ود. "عمرو حمزاوى"، ود."فؤاد رياض، و"محسن عوض"، "و"ناصر أمين"، و"يوسف القعيد"، أعضاء المجلس.

وساعد فى إعداد التقرير عدد من الباحثين المتخصصين من مكتب الشكاوى بالمجلس يضم السيدات والسادة جمال بركات، نبيل شلبى، إسلام شقوير، أحمد عبدالله، كريم شلبى، خالد معروف، أسامة نشأت، أحمد جميل، أسماء شهاب، نشوى بهاء، ومن أمانة المجلس الزملاء أمجد فتحى، مى نجيب، رشا علوى، أسماء الشهاوى، هانى الحسينى، أسماء فوزى، معتز فادى، محمد ماهر، رامى علام، عمرو يسرى، خالد معتصم، رامى ميخائيل .

واستندت اللجنة في مصادرها على الآتي :

ep resolution, maspero massacre

The Eurpean Parliament passes strong resolution condemning the Maspero Massacre  

Double click to read the resolution   

Exerpts from the resolution

Strongly condemns the killing of protestors in Egypt; expresses its sincere condolences to the families of all victims; calls on the authorities to ensure that security forces do not use disproportionate force; emphasises the right of all citizens to demonstrate freely and peacefully, under due protection from law   enforcement authorities; calls on the Egyptian authorities to release the 28 arrested Christians in Maspero as well all others arrested;
 

Calls on the Egyptian authorities to ensure full respect for all fundamental rights, including freedom of association, freedom of peaceful assembly, freedom of expression and freedom of religion, conscience and thought for all citizens in Egypt, including the Coptic Christians, and that Coptic Christian communities do not fall victim to violent attacks and can live in peace and freely express their beliefs throughout the country; calls for the adequate protection of the churches in order to put an end to the continuous aggression and destruction of churches by Islamic extremists; 

Considers that measures should be adopted by the EU in the event of serious violations of the human rights of any citizens in Egypt; underlines the necessity for the EU to stand ready to adopt further measures in order to assist the Egyptian people who are striving for a democratic future through peaceful means;

 

Takes the view that a new Constitution should explicitly provide for the protection of all fundamental rights, including freedom of association, freedom of peaceful assembly, freedom of expression and freedom of religion, conscience and thought, and the protection of minorities; calls on the Egyptian authorities to make sure that any constitutional provision is inclusive and leaves no possibility for discrimination against anyone in Egyptian society;

Expresses its deep concerns about the health condition of imprisoned blogger Maikel Nabil Sanad and calls for his immediate release;

 


  

10 October 2011 

EGYPT: PEACEFUL PROTEST ENDS WITH MORE THAN 40 DEAD 

At least 41 people were killed and hundreds were injured in Cairo yesterday when Egyptian police and armed forces fired tear gas and live ammunition at a peaceful march protesting the destruction of a Coptic church in Mari Nab, Aswan. 

The Cairo protest was supported by members of the Muslim community, and was part of series of simultaneous demonstrations that occurred in Alexandria, Luxor, Qena, Minya and Beni Suef. In addition to drawing attention to the attack on the church in Aswan, the demonstrators were also requesting an effective conclusion to investigations into a spate of sectarian attacks, and the passing of a new law governing the building of churches, which may serve to limit the frequency of these attacks.

Report on Marriage, Divorce and Religious Courts Published A report on religious courts and tribunals in the UK has just been published by researchers at Cardiff Law School and the Centre for the Study of Islam in the UK at Cardiff University. The year-long project, funded by the AHRC/ESRC Religion and Society Programme, explored how religious law already functions alongside civil law in the area of marriage and divorce. The research project addressed concerns which were raised in the aftermath of the Archbishop of Canterbury’s lecture on Religious and Civil Law in 2008, which provoked an animated debate concerning the extent to which English law should accommodate religious legal systems, such as Sharia law.  These concerns have also come to the fore more recently as a result of the Arbitration and Mediation Services (Equality) Bill (HL Bill 72) introduced into the House of Lords by Baroness Cox which seeks to regulate the operation of religious courts.

 

Annual Report of the

United States Commission on International Religious Freedom

May 2011

(Covering April 1, 2010 March 31, 2011)

Egypt

FINDINGS: The Egyptian government engaged in and tolerated religious freedom violations before and after President Hosni Mubarak stepped down on February 11, 2011. Serious problems of discrimination, intolerance, and other human rights violations against members of religious minorities, as well as disfavored Muslims, remain widespread in Egypt. Violence targeting Coptic Orthodox Christians remained high during the reporting period. This high level of violence and the failure to convict those responsible – including two of the three alleged perpetrators in the 2010 Naga Hammadi attack – continued to foster a climate of impunity, making further violence more likely. The Egyptian government has failed to protect religious minorities, particularly Coptic Christians, from violent attacks, including during the transitional period when minority communities are increasingly vulnerable. Since February 11, military and security forces reportedly have used excessive force and live ammunition targeting Christian places of worship and Christian demonstrators.

U.S. Department of State - Great Seal

 

 Egypt

Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor

International Religious Freedom Report 2010

November 17, 2010

The constitution provides for freedom of belief and the practice of religious rites, although the government places restrictions on these rights in practice. Islam is the official state religion, and the principles of Shari'a (Islamic law) are the primary sources of legislation.

The status of respect for religious freedom by the government remained poor, unchanged from the previous year. Members of non-Muslim religious minorities officially recognized by the government generally worship without harassment; however, Christians and members of the Baha'i Faith, which the government does not recognize, face personal and collective discrimination, especially in government employment and their ability to build, renovate, and repair places of worship.

  

USCRIF Report 2010

Egypt

FINDINGS: Serious problems of discrimination, intolerance, and other human rights violations against members of religious minorities, as well as disfavored Muslims, remain widespread in Egypt. The reporting period marked a significant upsurge in violence targeting Coptic Orthodox Christians.

The Egyptian government has not taken sufficient steps to halt the repression of and discrimination against Christians and other religious believers, or, in many cases, to punish those responsible for violence or other severe violations of religious freedom.

 اضغط اعلاه لتقراء التقرير

تقرير المبادرة المصرية لحقوق الإنسان

العنف الطائفى فى عامين

ماذا حدث ... ومن اين نبداء

Double click above to read the report 

Two years of sectarian violence:

What happened? Where do we begin?

An analytical study of January 2008-January 2010


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