Copts, Scripturalization, and Identity in the Diaspora

Copts in Egypt comprise the single largest body of Christians in the Middle East. Since the 1970s there have been waves of Coptic immigrants due to discrimination, persecution, and violence. In the Diaspora, their search for identity—its actualization and preservation—has resulted in forms of scripturalization expressed in oral tradition, martyrology,…
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Religious Identity and Borderless Territoriality in the Coptic e-Diaspora

  • Donald A. WestbrookAffiliated withDepartment of Church History, Fuller Theological SeminaryThis email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  • , Saad Michael SaadAffiliated withClaremont Coptic Encyclopedia, Claremont Colleges Digital Library

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In recent decades, Coptic Egyptian immigrants have steadily adopted new homelands throughout the world, most significantly in Europe, North America, and Australia. Their efforts perpetuate their religious and cultural identity and connect diaspora communities and experiences to the mother church as well as to the realities of marginalization and persecution of their co-religionists in Egypt. However, relatively little research has been carried out on the virtual or digital presences of diaspora Copts, all the more significant in the wake of the so-called Arab Spring. Focusing on religious identity, this article fills a lacuna by analyzing three case studies of electronic identity mediation and preservation in the Coptic diaspora: (1) the online ecclesiastical-pastoral and educational presence of Bishop Suriel of Melbourne, (2) the spiritual-social-cultural mission of the Los Angeles-based Coptic television station LogosTV, and (3) the global collaborative academic project of the digital Claremont Coptic Encyclopedia. These are part of an emerging electronic Coptic diaspora (e-diaspora)—a form of borderless territoriality—that functions to compensate for the loss of territorial and socio-religious-cultural-political control in Egypt and provide Copts with virtual territorial gains and borderless space for community and consciousness raising.


Copts Coptic Orthodox Church Diaspora Assimilation Territoriality Identity

An earlier version of this article was presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Religion held in San Diego (November 2014).

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I CAME TO England in 1979’, Dr Ibrahim Habib told me, ‘after all the Christian students in my year at medical school were marked down.’
We got to know each other after I visited the Coptic church in West London, where Ibrahim worships regularly, even though he lives and works in the Midlands. Originally from Minya, near Asyut in Upper Egypt, where about a third of the population is Christian, he is a stolid, soft-spoken figure with an eager smile. But his professional success and blithe manner were belied by the melancholy tale he told me:
Christians were either passed or failed; not a single one was placed in the ‘Good’, ‘Very Good’, or ‘Excellent’ categories. This meant that none of us Christians would achieve a high-flying career. The modern phase of anti-Christian violence in Egypt really began in 1972, with the establishment of the Gama Islamiya, a militant group. They started attacking Christian students on the university campus at Asyut, barging into our rooms and tearing down pictures of the Virgin Mary and other religious materials. A fight ensued. I and other Christians were expelled from university accommodation, but the Muslims who caused trouble were allowed to remain.
The upsurge in militancy can be blamed to a great extent on President Sadat. After the assassination attempt on Nasser in 1954, many fundamentalists were rounded up and sent to prison. Sadat, faced with heavy challenges from the Left, indulged the Islamists and let many in from Saudi Arabia. He also called Egypt a Muslim country, even though 15 to 20 per cent of the population were then Christian. That figure has now fallen to 12 per cent, because of all the emigration.



The Arab Cocoon: Progress and Modernity in Arab Societies

The Arab Cocoon: Progress and Modernity in Arab Societies

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  • Paperback: 160 pages
  • Publisher: Vallentine Mitchell; Reprint edition (March 17, 2011)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0853038929
  • ISBN-13: 978-0853038924
  • Product Dimensions: 6.7 x 0.5 x 9.2 inches
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The Arab Mind Bound [Hardcover]

Tarek Heggy
The Arab Mind Bound

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د.ماريز تادرس: الإخوان يخططون لديكتاتورية دينية.. بالقانون

كتب : روبير الفار

The Muslim Brotherhood in Contemporary Egypt: Democracy Redefined or Confined? (Durham Modern Middle East and Islamic World Series) 

تمتلك الدكتورة ماريز تادرس أستاذ العلوم السياسية بجامعة سوكس البريطانية رؤية عميقة حول جماعة الإخوان المسلمين، كشفت عنها مؤخرا فى كتاب (الإخوان المسلمون فى مصر المعاصرة - إعادة صياغة أم تقليص الديمقراطية).. والكتاب يقع فى 200 صفحة ويدور فى تسعة فصول. محورها مفهوم الديمقراطية على النمط الإسلامى، ولأهمية التوقيت الذى صدر فيه الكتاب التقينا الدكتورة ماريز وكان لنا معها هذا الحوار:

Kindle Store"Regression Coptic Spring"

"Regression Coptic Spring"


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Coptic Spring (Regression, #1)

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Coptic Spring (Regression, #1) (Volume 1) by Ramy Tadros (Apr 1, 2012)

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 Tarek Heggy's books

While Tarek Heggy's first book was published in Morocco in April,1978, his
18th book in Arabic was published in cairo a few days ago. The title of
the new book is "DANAT", a word that has two different meaning in
classical Arabic : "Pearls" or "Shells" (cannon's Shells). This new book
is now available at the bookshop of the publisher (Dar al Horryiah, 4
Mohamed Bek Assem street, Shobra, opposite al-Mahabba bookshop, Telephone :
02-2578-1047, Fax : 02-2576-2728, e-mail : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.,
Site : ).Please find attached a list of Tarek
Heggy's other books in Arabic that are also available at "Dar al Horryiah"
bookshop :

Marxist Ideas In Balance. 1978
Communism And Religion. 1980
My Experience With Marxism. 1983
What is to be done? 1986
The Four Idols. 1988
The Trinity of Destruction. 1990
Egypt between two Earthquakes. 1991
The Fateful Transformation. 1993
Reflections on Egypt 's Realities. 1995
Critique of the Arab Mind. 1998
Culture First and Foremost. 2000
The Values of Progress. 2001
On the Egyptian Mind. 2003
Margins on The Egyptian Mind. 2004
Modern Management in the Arab Societies. 2006
The Imprisonment of the Arab Mind. 2009
Our Culture Between Illusion and Reality. 2009



Muslim Mafia: Inside the Secret Underworld That's Conspiring to Islamize America - (Autographed) (Hardcover) 

By P. Dave Gaubatz and Paul Sperry

You've heard about the courageous young investigators who covertly videotaped officials of ACORN advocating illegal activities.

Now, get ready for an undercover exposé even more daring and audacious – a six-month penetration of the Council on American-Islamic Relations that resulted in the collection of thousands of pages of revealing documents as well as inside secrets.


Nicholas Shakespeare looks at how Islamist terrorism has emerged in the last century, with its roots in modernity rather than tradition

By Nicholas Shakespeare

The history of religion is a history of schisms. You can make a case that every great religion is a heresy of some previous one: exactly as Christianity is a heresy of Judaism, which itself is a reworking of Ancient Babylonian myths, so Islam may be viewed as a sub-heresy of Christianity. In the sibling rivalry that exists between Jews, Christians and Muslims, we are all descendants of Abraham one way or another, like three children competing for a father’s attention. What we need to learn is how to get on with each other without resorting to violence – a massively tall order, as these books reveal.

عرض لكتاب" حكايات الاحتلال وتصحيح بعض المفاهيم"

تأليف:الاستاذ عادل جندى

الناشر: منتدى الشرق الأوسط للحريات


عرض: نصرى جرجس نسر - لواء مهندس سابق بالقوات المسلحة Source Free Copts

Raymond Ibrahim: The History Channel's Distortions of the Crusades


I recently taped and am watching a documentary, "The Crusades: Crescent and the Cross," on the History Channel. While it is more or less historically accurate—names, dates, figures—it suffers from two weaknesses, weaknesses that often take center stage whenever Islam is discussed in the West: 1) biases and apologetics on behalf of Islam, coupled with outright distortions concerning Christians and Christianity; and 2) anachronisms, by projecting the motives and worldview of modern man onto the motives and worldview of pre-modern man, both Muslims and Christians.

Cruel and Usual Punishment: The Terrifying Global Implications of Islamic Law

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"Cruel and Usual Punishment":

The Terrifying Global Implications of Islamic Law (Hardcover)

by Nonie Darwish (Author)

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كتاب جديد يهم كل قبطى

هموم قبطية

خواطرحول شؤون وشجون الأقباط

تأليف منير بشاى- تقديم مجدى خليل

 ۲٠٠ صفحة-٤۸ مقالة -۱٠ فصول

الكتاب يتناول القضية القبطية من جميع جوانبها

قضايا ساخنة- آراء صريحة- معالجة جريئة

(خصم خاص لمكتبات الكنائس)   الشحن+ $10.00 ثمن النسخة

)310) 641- 3387لمزيد من المعلومات

يطلب من

P.O. Box 661336, Los Angeles, CA 90066

To order by credit card:

الأقباط متحدون في حوار مع الناشط القبطي منير بشاي بمناسبة صدور كتابه الجديد "هموم قبطية"

العمل القبطي حالياً يمتلك الكثير من الإمكانيات
لا أحمل في حياتي قصة اضطهاد
تعرفت على د.كاراس من خلال كتاباته
أجرى الحوار: شفيق بطرس
**لمن لا يعرفكم رجاء تسليط بعض الأضواء عن من هو منير بشاي؟

هذا سؤال من الصعب أن يجيب عليه منير بشاي، فأنا لست متأكداً أنني أعرف كل شيء عن نفسي، وأسأل نفسي باستمرار من أنا؟ وفي كل يوم أكتشف عن نفسي أشياء جديدة، ولكن بصفة عامة أظن أنني إنسان عادي، هادئ الطباع، محافظ، ومتدين، ولا أميل إلى الراديكالية أو العنف مع أنها صفة غالباً تجدها في الدعاة والناشطين السياسيين. وفي نفس الوقت لا أقبل التفريط في الحقوق، وأميل للعيش طبقاً للقول المأثور لا تكن ناشفاً فتُكسَر أو ليّناً فتعُصَر. ولي عداء شخصي مع الظلم فلا أقبله سواء في حياتي أو حياة الآخرين، وأحاربه بشراسة. وربما هذا ما دفعني إلى الانخراط في هذا العمل الحقوقي.

إنتظروا قريبا..

كتاب جديد يهم كل قبطى

هموم قبطية

خواطرحول شؤون وشجون الأقباط

تأليف منير بشاى- تقديم مجدى خليل

Over one million European Christians

kidnapped and enslaved by Muslims

Link to Amazon 

ظهر حديثا في الأسواق كتاب الأقليات الدينية فى مصر تحت الحصار يتناول الكتاب بالشرح والتحليل أحوال الأقليات القبطية والبهائية والشيعية في مصر ومطالبهم المشروعة والمضايقات التي يتعرضون لها مع التركيز على الأقلية القبطية والمتنصرون مثل محمد حجازي أول متنصر فى مصر يرفع قضية ضد الحكومة للاعتراف بتحوله للمسيحية كما يتناول مدلول لفظ الأقلية وهل ينطبق على الأقباط فى مصر ام لا ولماذا لا تعترف الحكومة بالأقباط كأقلية بالإضافة الى تورط منظمة المؤتمر الاسلامى فى دعم التطرف فى مصر ومقوله الرئيس الراحل أنور السادات سأجعل الأقباط ماسحي أحذية أو سيجبروا على ترك البلاد علاوة على الدور السعودي الوهابي فى نشر الثقافة المتشددة وتورطه في اسلمة المجتمع المصري

 الكتاب من تأليف الصحفي الشاب/ جرجس بشرى صادق

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